Chair in Political Theory
Office: CON5.04, Connaught House
Office Hours: Tuesday 2:00-4:00pm (By appointment)
Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 7910
Chandran Kukathas completed his BA in History and Political Science at the Australian National University and his MA in Politics at the University of New South Wales before going on to a DPhil in Politics at Oxford University. He has taught at the Royal Military College, Canberra; Oxford; the Australian National University; the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy; and the University of Utah, where he held the Neal Maxwell Chair in Political Theory in the Department of Political Science.
History of Liberal Thought
Contemporary Liberal Theory
The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom
Oxford University Press, 2003
In his major work Chandran Kukathas offers, for the first time, a book-length treatment of this controversial and influential theory of minority rights. The work is a defence of a form of liberalism and multiculturalism.
The general question it tries to answer is: what is the principled basis of a free society marked by cultural diversity and group loyalties? More particularly, it explains:
Whether such a society requires political institutions which recognize minorities
How far it should tolerate such minorities when their ways differ from those of the mainstream community
To what extent political institutions should address injustices suffered by minorities at the hands of the wider society, and also at the hands of the powerful within their own communities
What role, if any, the state should play in the shaping of a society's (national) identity
What fundamental values should guide our reflections on these matters.
Its main contention is that a free society is an open society whose fundamental principle is the principle of freedom of association. A society is free to the extent that it is prepared to tolerate in its midst associations which differ or dissent from its standards or practices. An implication of these principles is that political society is also no more than one among other associations; its basis is the willingness of its members to continue to associate under the terms which define it. While it is an 'association of associations', it is not the only such association; it does not subsume all other associations.
The principles of a free society describe not a hierarchy of superior and subordinate authorities but an archipelago of competing and overlapping jurisdictions. The idea of a liberal archipelago is defended as one which supplies us with a better metaphor of the free society than do older notions such as the body politic, or the ship of state. This work presents a challenge, and an alternative, to other contemporary liberal theories of multiculturalism.
On Sen on comparative justice
Kukathas, Chandran (2013) On Sen on comparative justice. Critical review of international social and political philosophy, 16 (2). pp. 196-204. ISSN 1369-8230
E pluribus plurum, or, how to fail to get to utopia in spite of really trying
Kukathas, Chandran (2012) E pluribus plurum, or, how to fail to get to utopia in spite of really trying. In: Bader, Ralf M. and Meadowcroft, John, (eds.) The Cambridge companion to Nozick's anarchy, state, and utopia. Cambridge companions to philosophy . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 289-302. ISBN 9780521120029
Why open borders?
Kukathas, Chandran (2012) Why open borders? Ethical perspectives, 19 (4). pp. 649-675. ISSN 1370-0049
Expatriatism: the theory and practice of open borders
Kukathas, Chandran (2010) Expatriatism: the theory and practice of open borders. In: Smith, Roger M., (ed.) Citizenship, borders and human needs. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, USA, pp. 324-342. ISBN 9780812242836
One cheer for Constantinople: a comment on Pettit and Skinner on Hobbes and freedom
Kukathas, Chandran (2009) One cheer for Constantinople: a comment on Pettit and Skinner on Hobbes and freedom. Hobbes Studies, 22 (2). pp. 192-198. ISSN 0921-5891
The dilemma of a dutiful daughter: love and freedom in the thought of Kartini
Kukathas, Chandran (2009) The dilemma of a dutiful daughter: love and freedom in the thought of Kartini. In: Satz, Debra and Reich, Rob, (eds.) Toward a humanist justice: the political philosophy of Susan Moller Okin. Oxford University Press USA, New York, USA, pp. 181-201. ISBN 9780195337396
Anarcho-multiculturalism: the pure theory of liberalism
Kukathas, Chandran (2008) Anarcho-multiculturalism: the pure theory of liberalism. In: Levey, Geoffrey Brahm, (ed.) Political theory and Australian multiculturalism. Berghahn Books, pp. 29-43. ISBN 9781845454920
Kukathas, Chandran (2008) Cultural privacy. The monist, 91 (1). ISSN 0026-9662