Do Octopuses Have Feelings? The Question of Animal Sentience

Hosted by LSE Festival: How Do We Get to a Post-COVID World?

Marshall Building, LSE Campus


Dr Jonathan Birch

Dr Jonathan Birch

Huw Golledge

Huw Golledge

Penny Hawkins

Penny Hawkins


Dr Bryan Roberts

Dr Bryan Roberts

To be sentient is to have positive or negative experiences, such as experiences of pain, pleasure, comfort, warmth, hunger, anxiety or joy. Humans are sentient, but are we alone?

In the UK, a new law requires all policymakers to have due regard for animal sentience. This law has given new urgency to the question: which other animals are sentient? Might some invertebrates, such as octopuses, crabs, snails, or even insects, have experiences that deserve respect and welfare protection?

Dr Jonathan Birch played a key role in amending the new legislation to include octopuses, crabs and lobsters. He is joined by Penny Hawkins and Huw Golledge to discuss the science, policy and philosophy of animal sentience. 

Meet our speakers and chair 

Jonathan Birch (@birchlse) is an Associate Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and Principal Investigator on the Foundations of Animal Sentience project. He was the lead author on a "Review of the Evidence of Sentience in Cephalopod Molluscs and Decapod Crustaceans" that recently led to the UK government changing animal welfare law to extend new protections to octopuses, squid, cuttlefish, crabs and lobsters. 

Penny Hawkins is Head of the Animals in Science Department at the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA). Hawkins has been at the interface of science and policy for over 20 years, campaigning influentially for higher welfare standards in laboratories and helping them to understand and implement their duty to "reduce, refine and replace" animal experimentation. 

Huw Golledge (@HuwGolledge) is Chief Executive Office and Scientific Director of both the Humane Slaughter Association and the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. He has a background in developing neurophysiological and behavioural methods to assess and improve the welfare of laboratory animals, and is committed to the application of rigorous scientific investigation to advance our understanding and ultimately to improve the welfare of animals.

Bryan Roberts (@SoulPhysics) is an Associate Professor and Director of the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, LSE. He specialises in the foundations of physics. 

More about this event  

This event is part of the LSE Festival: How Do We Get to a Post-COVID World? running from Monday 13 to Saturday 18 June 2022, with a series of events exploring the practical steps we could be taking to shape a better world. The full programme is now availabe here

The Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method (@LSEPhilosophy) at LSE was founded by Professor Sir Karl Popper in 1946, and remains internationally renowned for a type of philosophy that is both continuous with the sciences and socially relevant.

Twitter hashtags for this event: #LSEFestival


If you are planning to attend this event and would like details on how to get here and what time to arrive, as well as on accessibility and special requirements, please refer to LSE Events FAQ.  LSE aims to ensure that people have equal access to these public events, but please contact the events organiser as far as possible in advance if you have any access requirements so that arrangements, where possible, can be made. If the event is ticketed, please ensure you get in touch in advance of the ticket release date. Access Guides to all our venues can be viewed online.


We aim to make all LSE events available as a podcast subject to receiving permission from the speaker/s to do this, and subject to no technical problems with the recording of the event. Podcasts are normally available 1-2 working days after the event. Podcasts and videos of past events can be found online.

Social Media

Follow LSE public events on Twitter for notification on the availability of an event podcast, the posting of transcripts and videos, the announcement of new events and other important event updates. Event updates and other information about what’s happening at LSE can be found on the LSE's Facebook page and for live photos from events and around campus, follow us on Instagram. For live webcasts and archive video of lectures, follow us on YouTube

LSE in Pictures is a selection of images taken by the school photographer.

WIFI Access

LSE has now introduced wireless for guests and visitors in association with 'The Cloud', also in use at many other locations across the UK. If you are on campus visiting for the day or attending a conference or event, you can connect your device to wireless. See more information and create an account at Join the Cloud.
Visitors from other participating institutions are encouraged to use eduroam. If you are having trouble connecting to eduroam, please contact your home institution for assistance.
The Cloud is only intended for guest and visitor access to wifi. Existing LSE staff and students are encouraged to use eduroam instead.
From time to time there are changes to event details so we strongly recommend that if you plan to attend this event you check back on this listing on the day of the event.