The Territorial Impacts of Large Research Infrastructure
Persons Involved: Riccardo Crescenzi (PI), Gabriele Piazza
Policy-makers have been attracted by the concept of innovation clusters and their potential to boost overall regional innovation, development and employment. But the evidence suggests that innovation is increasingly becoming a collaborative effort and that geographic proximity is only one of the factors, alongside social networks and cognitive proximities, behind these successful collaborations. In this context, public research centres and large research infrastructures (RIs) have become an important element of local innovation strategies. This is because RIs are often seen as platforms hosting researchers and working with firms from across the world and, consequently expanding existing networks and creating new ones. This process can result in complex geographies of innovation spanning multiple regions and involving a variety of local transmission mechanisms from individuals, institutions and firms directly participating into RIs activities and the local economies and localised networks in which they are embedded. Against this background, this Research Project will develop a new conceptual framework on these transmission mechanisms and the channels through which RIs activities can affect local economies. The project will also produce counterfactual analyses estimating the local socio-economic impact of RIs.
The project is supported by a grant by CERN, The European Organization for Nuclear Research (“CERN”), an Intergovernmental Organization having its seat at Geneva, Switzerland.
ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND SPATIAL INEQUALITIES IN EUROPE IN THE ERA OF GLOBAL MEGA-TRENDS (ESSPIN Project)
Persons Involved: Riccardo Crescenzi (PI), Simona Iammarino (co-I)
Understanding inequalities and designing public policies to address them.
The ESSPIN Project explores the nexus between social, economic and spatial inequalities in Europe. The project examines the typology, nature and evolution of socio-economic inequalities and aims to assess the mix of public policies designed to address them, in light of emerging mega-trends and global challenges.
The project is funded under the Horizon Europe Research Programme and involves a multi- and inter-disciplinary consortium of 13 European Universities from 10 different EU countries and the UK with an overall budget of 3 million euros.
Old and new drivers of change might run against balanced growth and socio-spatial resilience. The ESSPIN project explores policy responses, offering new evidence able to make them more inclusive and effective. The project takes a holistic and integrated approach to detect, model and map the interdependences among various drivers of inequality, opportunities and outcomes, delivering well-tailored policy recommendations.
The LSE Unit – led by Prof Riccardo Crescenzi and Prof Simona Iammarino – will coordinate the activities of Work Package 3 (WP3) focusing on the “The interconnections of in-market drivers of inequality with other processes and their impact across social groups and spatial scales.” WP3 looks at the effects of major shifts in institutions, market structures, technologies and globalization (with special reference to trade and FDI) on inequalities over different social and spatial scales. WP3 will examine their independent, but also combined effects on economic, social and spatial inequalities. The analysis will relate drivers to outcomes, but also different types of inequalities with each other. Inequalities in income levels, living conditions, or poverty, will be related to inequalities in perceptions, gender, race, or ethnic background over different social and spatial contexts.
The LSE Unit will do new research – in collaboration with other partners – in a number of key area. First, technological transformations and their effects on regional disparities, the urban-rural divide and local labour markets will be explored. Second, the LSE – with other partners – will also look at the effects of globalization on social and spatial inequalities under different regimes with respect to technology creation, innovation and institutions. Third, the effects of GVCs and FDI on firms, workers and places will be explored with special reference to the role of local agglomeration, digital and green transitions, public policies and institutions. In addition, special attention will be devoted to the impact of superstar firms on economic, social and spatial inequalities. Finally, the LSE will evaluate the effectiveness of public policies for recovery and resilience in the era of pandemic and digital and green transitions.
The Research Project if supported by a grant by UKRI (UK Research & Innovation) - Horizon Europe Guarantee and is a part of the Horizon Europe ESSPIN Project funded by the European Commission.
Disconnected research and development: The (temporary) spatial patterns of innovation (DISCO Project)
Persons Involved: Kerstin J. Schaefer (Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow), Riccardo Crescenzi (Supervisor).
There is a spatial split between research and product development. Global firms off-shore their research activities to centres of knowledge but product development may be kept closer to their original locations. There’s a growing concern that such practice channels global knowledge flows and affects the ability of regions to produce innovative output such as climate-friendly engines or vaccines against new viruses, and it has further implications for the economic and social welfare of regions. In this context, the EU-funded DISCO project will explore the situation. Specifically, it will draw on information from patents to build an indicator and a firm typology revealing the global patterns of which type of R&D activity is performed at which locations
The project is funded by the European Union under the EXCELLENT SCIENCE - Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
Dr. Kerstin J. Schaefer (Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow) will carry out the project addressing the spatial organization of research and development (R&D) activities within global firms under the supervision of Prof. Riccardo Crescenzi (Supervisor).